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Creative Biostructure offers a wide range of liposomal products and services based on our magic Mempro™ Liposome platform. Featured Mempro™ Liposome Preparation services including various mechanical and non-mechanical methods are available to meet the custom requirements, and extrusion method is one of our core preparation services.
Figure 1. Schematic presentation of the protein detection process. It shows that an amyloid-β deposit binds to biotinylated liposomes prepared by extrusion technique, neutravidin and biotinylated antibodies in a tissue section. ToF-SIMS overview image of the hippocampal region of a transgenic AD mouse brain section is used to visualize liposomes and cholesterol in red and green, respectively. (L. Carlred, et al., 2014)
In order to reduce the liposome size, multiple extrusions through a polycarbonate membrane can be used. Both of the number of extrusion cycles and the size of membrane pores will determine the degree of size reduction. More...(In generally extrusion process (membrane homogenization), the dispersed phase that contains large liposomes has to go through a filter or a membrane with a uniform pore size distribution in order to generate a homogeneous group of smaller vesicles. Extrusion process requires to be performed in the presence of the substance to be encapsulated in case of the leak. Large liposomes are resealed rapidly, resulting in entrapment of the targeted substance. A hand-held syringe with a standard sterilization filter holder can be used to perform the extrusion and membrane homogenization.)
Temperature, the applied pressure, the size of the pores and the flow rate are crucial factors to influence the extrusion and membrane homogenization. Lipids in the gel-liquid phase are very hard to be extruded effectively at low pressures because the interfacial rheological behavior of the lipid membrane is temperature-dependent, therefore, extrusion process requires temperatures above the phase transition. Moreover, the decreased size of the capillaries leads to the decreased size of liposomes, and the increased flow rate and pressure. Not all filter materials are suitable for extrusion due to the high pressure applied across the membrane, while polycarbonates have been used with success.
Besides extrusion method, Creative Biostructure also offers other liposome preparation services based on our comprehensive Mempro™ Liposome platform. Our rich-experienced research team is confident to provide you the best products and services. Creative Biostructure will be your reliable and professional research associate. Please feel free to contact us for a detailed quote.
T. Lajunen, et al. (2016). Indocyanine Green-Loaded Liposomes for Light-Triggered Drug Release. Mol. Pharmaceutics, 13: 2095−2107.
L. Carlred, et al. (2014). Simultaneous Imaging of Amyloid-β and Lipids in Brain Tissue Using Antibody-Coupled Liposomes and Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 136: 9973−9981.
Z. Cui, et al. (2014). Nonphospholipid Fluid Liposomes with Switchable Photocontrolled Release. Langmuir, 30: 10818−10825.